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上海这一技术突破获奖,为“玉兔”装上“敏锐的眼睛”


2020-5-23 23:40:51
摘要:嫦娥三号、嫦娥四号配备的红外成像光谱仪,便是依据这项技术而创制。

近日,中国科学院上海技术物理研究所与中国电子科技集团公司第二十六研究所合作项目《月球及行星表面图谱原位探测方法与关键技术》获得上海市技术发明一等奖。嫦娥三号、嫦娥四号配备的红外成像光谱仪,便是依据这项技术而创制。

红外成像光谱仪是什么?

“CHICHENGHUANGLVQINGLANZI”,ZUCHENGLERENLEIYANZHONGDEDUOCAISHIJIE。ZAIROUYANKEJIANDEHONGGUANGZHIWAI,HAIYOUPINLVGENGDIDEHONGWAIXIAN,YOUCHENGHONGWAIREFUSHE。HONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYISHIYOUZHONGKEYUANSHANGHAIJISHUWULIYANJIUSUOYANZHIDEYITAICHENGXIANGTANCESHEBEI,NENGGOUGANZHIRENYANWUFACHAJUEDEHONGWAIGUANGPU,ANZHUANGZAICHANGESANHAO“YUTU”、CHANGESIHAO“YUTUERHAO”YUEQIUCHEDEZHENGQIANFANG,JIUXIANGYIZHIMINRUIDEYANJING,ZIXICHAKANYUEMIANDEKUANGWUZUCHENG。

HONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYIJUBEIKEJIANJINHONGWAIPUDUAN(0.45 ~ 0.95μm)DEGUANGPUCHENGXIANGGONGNENG,KEWEIYANJIURENYUANHUOQUYUEQIUBIAOMIANTUXIANGXINXI;HAIJUBEIDUANBOHONGWAIPUDUAN(0.9 ~2.4μm)DEGUANGPUTANCEGONGNENG,KEYIGENJUWUZHIDEGUANGPULAIJIANBIEWUZHI,YIJIQUEDINGWUZHIDEHUAXUEZUCHENGHEXIANGDUIHANLIANG。ZAIYUEQIUCHEDEFUZHUXIADAODAZHIDINGKEXUEKAOCHADIANHOU,HONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYINENGDUICHEQIANFANGYUE0.7MIDEYUEBIAOJINXINGJINGXIGUANGPUXINXIHUOQU,WEIYUEMIANXUNSHIQUKUANGWUZUCHENGFENXITIGONGKEXUETANCESHUJU。

玉兔号月球车 受访单位供图

CHANGESANHAO、SIHAOHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYICAIYONGLEXINXINGDETUPUYUANWEITANCEFANGFA,QIZHONGDELIANGDAJISHULIANGDIAN:YISHICAIYONGXINXINGFENGUANGJISHU——SHEPINQUDONGSHENGGUANGKEDIAOLVGUANGJISHU,ERSHISHIYONGXINXINGDIANJI——CHAOSHENGDIANJI,JUNSHIWOGUOZIZHUKEKONGDEGUANJIANJISHU,QIEZAICHANGESANHAOHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYISHANGDEDAOLESHOUCIKONGJIANYINGYONG。

SHENGGUANGKEDIAOLVGUANGQIDENGXIAOYUYIZUZHAIDAILVGUANGPIAN,TONGGUOGAIBIANSHIJIAYUSHENGGUANGKEDIAOLVGUANGQISHANGDEQUDONGPINLV,KEYILINGHUODIJINXINGBOZHANGDEKUAISUQIEHUAN,SHIXIANQUANGUANGPUFANWEINEIGUANGPUJITUXIANGSHUJUDEHUOQU。QINGXINGCHAOSHENGDIANJIZEFUZESHIXIANDINGBIAO、FANGCHEN、GEREGONGNENGDEKEKAOQIEHUAN。

ZONGTIERYAN,CHANGESANHAO、SIHAODEHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYIJUYOUGAOXINGNENG、QINGXIAOXING、GAOJICHENGTEDIAN,NENGSHIYING-20~+55ºCDEGONGZUOYIJI-50~+70ºCDECUNCHUWENDUHUANJING,MANZUYIQIZAIYUEMIANDEZHOUYESHENGCUNXUQIU。CHANGESANHAOHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYISHIGUOJISHANGDIYITAICHENGGONGSHIXIANLEYUEQIUBIAOMIANJINJULIYUANWEIGUANGPUTANCEDEKEXUEYIQI。CHANGESIHAOHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYIJICHENGLECHANGESANHAODESHEJIHEGONGZUOMOSHI,DANJINGLILEDUONIANJISHUJILEIHENEIBURUANJIANBUDUANDIEDAIHOU,YIQIJINYIBUTISHENGLEGONGZUOXIAOLV,TONGSHIYETIGAOLEDINGLIANGHUASHUIPING。

红外成像光谱仪 受访单位供图

红外成像光谱仪“看见”了什么?

YOUYUYUEQIUZIZHUANHEGONGZHUANZHOUQIXIANGTONG,YUEQIUYONGYUANZHIYOUYIMIANCHAOXIANGDIQIU,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGZAITIANWENXUEZHONGBEICHENGWEI“CHAOXISUODING”。YINCI,YUEQIUBEIMIANDE“RONGMAO”,ZONGSHIYINFARENLEIDEHAOQIYUDADANCAICE。2019NIAN1YUE3RI,CHANGESIHAOTANCEQICHENGGONGZHELUZAIYUEQIUBEIMIANYUXUANZHELUQU,TONGRIYUTUERHAOXUNSHIQIYUZHELUQIFENLI,XIEDAIDEHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYICHENGGONGHUOQULEZHELUQULIANGGETANCEDIANDEGAOZHILIANGGUANGPUSHUJU,BINGTONGGUO“QUEQIAO”ZHONGJIXING,CHUANHUIQUANSHIJIEDIYIZHANGJINJULIPAISHEDEYUEBEIGUANGPUYINGXIANGTU,JIEKAILEYUEQIUBEIMIANDESHENMIMIANSHA。

世界首张近距离拍摄的月背影像图 来源:中国探月工程微信公众号

2020NIAN5YUE17RIHE16RI,“CHENSHUI”YIJIUDECHANGESIHAOZHELUQIHE“YUTUERHAO”YUEQIUCHEFENBIE“SUXING”。ZAICHANGESIHAOTASHANGYUEQIUDE500TIANZHONG,LIYONGHONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYITANCEDEYUANWEIGUANGPUTANCESHUJU,WOGUOKEXUEJIAQUDELEDUOXIANGCHENGGUO,QIZHONGZHUYAOYOULIANGDAFAXIAN:YISHIJIESHILEYUEQIUBEIMIANDEWUZHIZUCHENG,ERSHIYANZHENGLEYUEMANFUHANGANLANSHI。

YUDIQIULEISI,KEXUEJIAJIANGYUEQIUNEIBUGOUJIEGOUFENWEIYUEQIAO、YUEMANHEYUEHE,WEIYUBIAOMIANDEYUEQIAOHOUYUE60-65QIANMI,YUEQIAOYIXIAZHI1000MICHUZEWEIYUEMAN,YUEMANZHANJUYUEQIUTIJIDAYIBANYISHANG,BAOGUOYUEQIUZUISHENCHUDEYUEHE。YUEMANZHUYAOYOUNAXIEWUZHIGOUCHENG,ZHANGQIKUNRAOGEGUOKEXUEJIA。2019NIAN5YUE16RI,YIXIANGZHONGDAFAXIANZAIXIANFABIAOYUGUOJIKEXUEQIKAN《ZIRAN》SHANG:ZHONGKEYUANGUOJIATIANWENTAILICHUNLAITUANDUILIYONGCHANGESIHAOJIUWEIGUANGPUTANCESHUJU,ZHENGMINGYUEQIUBEIMIANNANJIAITEKENPENDI(SPA)CUNZAIYIGANLANSHIHEDIGAIHUISHIWEIZHUDESHENBUWUZHI,WEIYUEMANWUZHIZUCHENGTIGONGLEZHIJIEZHENGJU。

ZAICHANGESIHAODUOTAIKEXUEYOUXIAOZAIHEZHONG,HONGWAICHENGXIANGGUANGPUYISHIWEIYIYITAIFUWUYUYUEQIUKUANGWUZUCHENGTANCEYUYANJIUDEKEXUEYIQI,KEHUOQUHAOMIJIKONGJIANFENBIANLVDEYUERANGGAOGUANGPUTUXIANGJIHONGWAIGUANGPUSHUJU。SHANGHAISHIZHEIXIANGJISHUTUPO,WEIWOMENJINYIBULEJIEYUEQIUXINGCHENGYUYANHUATIGONGZHICHENG。

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